- To learn about blindness and how it affects peoples’ lives
- To be able to explain the story of Louis Braille and how he invented the Braille system
- To learn how to write using the Braille system
- A Picture Book of Louis Braille written by David A. Adler with illustrations by John and Alexandra Wallner
- Deciphering the Code Worksheet, available here
- Glossary of terms, available here
- Cobblestone path
- Punctuation mark
- Upholstery nails
- Language: Language for Information and Understanding
- Social Studies: History of the United States
- Social Studies: World History
- Teachers can view The Inside Scoop about Visual Impairments and Blindness and the Education wing of the Museum of Disability’s website to gain background information.
- Selections from the website may be viewed by the students online or copies of those pages may be printed for student use.
- Discuss blindness and how it affects people’s lives by asking students questions such as:
- How would you feel if you were blind?
- Would you be able to go to school if you were blind?
- What extra things would you need if you were blind?
- Discuss ways people who are blind can communicate.
- Give students some background information about Louis Braille
- Point out the location of France on a world map.
- Read and discuss A Picture Book of Louis Braille.
- Discuss the reasons the family sent Louis to a special school in Paris.
- Share some of the history of teaching people who are blind, specifically the New York Institute for the Blind in Batavia, by using the Education wing of the Museum of Disability’s website.
- Explain the Braille system using the worksheet “Braille: Deciphering the Code.”
- Have students write their names and/or send a secret message to a classmate using the Braille code provided.
- Discuss the students’ feeling about communication for people who are blind.
- Ask students the following questions:
- What was the most interesting thing you learned about how people with a visual impairment communicate?
- If the President gave you $1,000 to make our city better for people who are blind, what would you do?
For historical accuracy and to illustrate changing views of society, words and language used in different eras are part of The Museum of disABILITY’s website and lessons. No offense is intended toward people with disabilities, their families or advocates.
This lesson plan is from the Museum of disABILITY history, view it HERE